With a population of 1.28 billion, India faces a daunting task managing its waste and implementing an effective waste management program. In addition, it does not help the nation where nearly 595 million citizens defecate in the open. About 22 million girls do not have access to a separate toilet facility. Sociotech Innovation4Change, a Bangalore based research organisation, took up a study covering25 schools across five states in India to understand the sanitation facilities available in schools along with a market study of school books of various curriculums. In addition says, Sangeeta Venkatesh, Research Director, Sti4Change, that they wanted to assess the level of understanding students and teachers have regarding scientific waste management and good sanitation. Focus Group Discussions with various stakeholders on the challenges involving school sanitation were of immense help and value in understanding the lacunae that exist in the system.